Today is World Water Day – a day to focus attention on the importance of freshwater and to advocate for its ‘sustainable management.’ This is increasingly needed due to rising water scarcity and stress, which mean that around 10 per cent of people still lacks access to clean drinking water and sanitation, resulting in high infant mortality in some parts of the world.
World Water Day 2017 aims to highlight how water can create livelihoods and to remind us of the importance of living more sustainably.
Here are some shocking facts about water-
- Over 1.5 billion people do not have access to clean, safe water.
- Almost 4 million people die each year from water related diseases.
- At any one time, more than half the world’s poor are ill due to inadequate sanitation, water or hygiene.
- It takes over 11,000 litres of water to produce a pound of coffee.
- Half the world’s schools do not have access to clean water, nor adequate sanitation.
- On average, women in Africa and Asia have to walk 3.7 miles to collect water.
- In India alone, water born diseases cost the economy 73 million working days per year.
- Simply washing hands can decrease the chance of diarrhoea by around 35%.
- The Ganges river in India is one the most polluted in the world. It contain sewage, trash, food, and animal remains
- Leather and chemical industries cause are major contributors to water pollution and are emerging leading market economies.
So this water day let us take one step towards saving water. One person can also make a difference. Here are few ways by which we can save water.
Turning the water off when brushing your teeth or washing your hair can save a lot of water. In fact, as much as 160 gallons of water can be conserved each month when you turn the water off.
- Do not use water to defrost foods. Although many people do use this method it requires a lot of water consumption to do this.
- Stop using extra water when you flush by avoiding placing anything in the toilet. This includes tissue and cigarette butts. Using this method to eliminate these items will cost you an additional 5 to 6 gallons of water per flush.
- Insulate your pipes. This will prevent them from freezing in the winter while also helping heat water up faster, among other benefits.
- When washing clothes, make sure that you are washing full loads of laundry only. You are wasting a lot of water washing only half of a load.
- When watering the lawn ensure that the sprinkler system is set the right way so you are not watering the gutters and watering other things that you do not want to water.
- Invest in water-efficient goods when you need to replace household products. You can now buy water-efficient showerheads, taps, toilets, washing machines, dishwashers and many other water-saving products.
- Install a water meter. When you're paying your utility provider for exactly how much water you use, laid out in an itemised bill, there's an incentive to waste less of the stuff.
- Fill the sink with soapy water in the sink when washing dishes by hand. Quickly rinse under a slow-moving stream from the faucet.
- Use rainwater to water the plants in the house.